OSJD (Organization of Cooperation Between Railways)

There was an urgent demand since the late 1940s for the creation of uniform legal and economic standards for the carriage of passengers and goods on international railways. Painstaking work was done preceding the foundation of OSJD. The first fundamental documents had been developed and agreed by 1951, which entered into force on 1 November 1951.

A few years later those agree¬ments underwent drastic changes and were named as SMPS (Agreement on International Passenger Transport by Rail) and SMGS (Agreement on International Goods Transport by Rail), and the number of the parties to those agreements also increased, co-operation between railways continued to develop, and the volumes of passenger and freight traffic increased considerably.

Some of the main objectives of OSJD are: development and improvement of international railway transportation; improvement of international transport law and administration of SMPS and SMGS; co-operation on solution of problems of economic, information, scientific, technological and ecological aspects of railway transport; measures to increase of railway transport competitiveness; development of international railway traffic; etc. In the European countries the railway traffic between the OSJD member states has 8–10,000 km passing through different climatic zones (including regions with severe extreme climate conditions) and with track gauge changeovers of 1,435 mm and 1,520 mm. At the time of OSJD's foundation the operational length of railway lines of the member states was about 227,000 km, and at present is 281,215.8 km, through which about 4 billion passengers and 6 billion tons of goods are carried annually.

The large number of countries participating in transportation between Europe and Asia have different national legislations. The legal norms and documents developed and adopted by OSJD provide uniformity. OSJD carries out activities aimed at the development of international railway traffic, including container and combined transportation between Europe and Asia, as well as at the increase of railways' competitive ability and efficiency. It collaborates actively with many international organizations in the field of railway transport, such as UNECE, UNESCAP, DG MOVE of the European Commission, OTIF, CIT, EAEC, UIC, ERA, CCTT, UITP, FIATA, FTE and others.

ARA’s request for membership of OSJD was approved on 6 June 2014. OSJD now has 28 members, including Afghanistan.

UIC (International Union of Railways)

The UIC Country Code is a two-digit number identifying countries in which members of UIC are active. UIC has issued numbering systems for rolling stock (UIC wagon numbers) and stations that include the country code. The values are defined in UIC leaflet 920-14.

The country code had originally been designed as a company code, but changes were necessitated mainly as a consequence of the reorganization of the rail sector in Europe. When the former UIC vehicle number became a vehicle registration number (European Vehicle Number, EVN) issued by government organizations, the code was attributed to the countries. Vehicle numbering is now governed by the Intergovernmental Organization for International Carriage by Rail and in Technical Specifications for Interoperability (TSI) of the European Union.

Institutional and Regulatory Aspects Suggested for 2017–19 in Asia-Pacific Region

  1. Conformity Assessment for Railway Technologies (CART).
  2. Interoperability of International Corridors (FIC).
  3. Interoperability of Regional Standards (INTEREGS).
  4. Modern Technical Rail Maintenance (MTRM).

    ARA has membership having the country code of 67.

    The endeavour of UIC is that every member has to make decisions that will enable it to realize the full potential of UIC so that the railway community can prosper and the competitiveness of the railways in the international market of transport services may increase in a sustainable manner.